Home Mortgage

Home Mortgage 

A loan that is secured by property or real estate is called a mortgage. In exchange for funds received by the homebuyer to buy property or a home, a lender gets the promise of that buyer to pay back the funds within a certain time frame for a certain cost.
The mortgage is legally binding and secures the note in giving the lender the right to have legal claim against the borrower’s home if the borrower defaults on the terms of the note.

Basically, the borrower has possession of the property or the home, but the lender is the one who owns it until it is completely paid off.

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Who Can Use It

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Repaying A Mortgage: What Is Included

The mortgage is usually to be paid back in the form of monthly payments that consist of interest and a principle. The principal is repayment of the original amount borrowed, which reduces the balance. The interest, on the other hand, is the cost of borrowing the principal amount for the past month.

A monthly mortgage payment includes taxes, insurance, interest, and the principal. Taxes are remitted to local governments as a percentage of the value of the property. These tax amounts can vary based on where the borrower lives and are usually reassessed on an annual basis. The insurance payments go toward mortgage and hazard insurance. The property mortgage insurance (PMI) protects the lender from loss incurred if a borrower defaults, whereas hazard insurance protects both the borrower and the lender from property losses. The funds may be held in escrow or the lender may collect the taxes and the insurance. PMI typically is not required if you put 20% or more down on your home. As long as you are not behind on payments, PMI payments are automatically terminated when either you are at the midway point of your loan in time, or when the loan-to-value (LTV) reaches 78%. You can request cancelation when you LTV reaches 80%.

Applying For A Mortgage: The Steps Involved

The process of applying for a mortgage loan can be a stressful. The first thing a borrower should do before going to their bank is acquire a copy of their credit report and check it for errors. If there is any incorrect information, it needs to be disputed as outstanding issues can cause a mortgage application to be rejected or lead lenders to charge a higher rate of interest.

The borrower should know what type of home is desired, how much they qualify for and what their budget affords. Those constraints can determine the mortgage type and term. The lender receives an appraisal of the property and this appraisal determines the market value of the home, which is used for collateral in the loan. The borrower is charged a fee for the appraisal service and is usually included in the closing costs.

When the mortgage application is complete, the borrower will be asked for a considerable amount of information. That is why the borrower should be prepared to give the lender the following information:

  • Bank information such as the name, address, account numbers, and three months of statements.
  • Three months of investment statements.
  • Pay stubs, proof of employment and two years worth of income.
  • Tax returns and balance sheets for the self-employed.
  • Debt currently owed, including amounts due and account numbers.
  • Divorce papers, if they apply.

Once the application is completed, the lender will review the application and decide whether to deny or approve it. If approved, the last step in the process is the meeting in which documentation is completed and the deal is closed. If denied, the prospective borrower should talk to the lender in order to devise a plan and find out why the application was denied. By law, the prospective borrower should receive a disclosure statement from the lender in writing that states why the application was turned down.

We Help Borrowers With Financial Challenges

If you fall outside the parameters of a “traditional” borrower, you may have found it difficult to secure a mortgage in the past. Maybe you have had credit problems, lack a credit history, or own your own business. No matter what your situation, we can help. We offer:

  • High-ratio mortgages
  • Loans and mortgages for individuals with poor credit, including past or current bankruptcies
  • Self-employed mortgages
  • Long amortizations, up to 35 years
  • Access to private lenders for higher risk borrowers

We also offer a variety of home equity products to provide you with capital when you need it. Ask us about our home equity loans and lines of credit.

The Closing

The last step in the process of applying for a mortgage is the closing process. All parties sign the necessary papers and officially seal the deal. Ownership of property is transferred to the buyer, so the closing date makes for a great opportunity to make any necessary changes at the last minute. These procedures vary from state-to-state, but in most states the following people are present at the closing:

  • A closing agent that may work for the lender.
  • The Borrower’s and the Lender’s attorneys
  • Title company representative
  • Seller of the home
  • Real estate agent for the seller
  • The borrower (known as the mortgagor)
  • The lender (known as the mortgagee)

The borrower is required to sign a number of documents when closing. Below is a description of those documents:

  • The one selling the home must bring the deed with them to the closing. It must be signed and notarized so that the lender can have the deed filed at the county’s Deed Registrar since it is public record.
  • The HUD-1 Settlement statement itemizes the services by the lender that is related to the loan and charges both the seller and the buyer. This is required by federal law.
  • The mortgage note must be signed because it is the buyer’s promise to pay according to the terms. These items include payment due dates, amounts, and where the payments should be remitted to.
  • The statement that gives the actual rate of interest, APR, fees, and other costs is the Truth-In-Lending Statement.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the meaning of insurance?
Insurance is a protection against financial loss arising on the happening of an unexpected event. Insurance companies collect premiums to provide for this protection and losses are paid out of the premiums collected from the insuring public.
Why do I need Insurance?
Insurance is a hedge against the occurrence of unforeseen incidents. Insurance products help you in not only mitigating risks but also helps you by providing a financial cushion against adverse financial burdens suffered.
Why should one cover oneself immediately ?
Accidents and mishaps can occur anytime and anywhere. It is important to identify the risks faced and insure oneself against these at the earliest.
How to Choose the Best Term Plan?
While selecting a term plan, you need to look for the following and ensure that your family has the best financial protection with the term plan:

Claim settlement record of a life insurance company indicates the ultimate moment of truth for the customer. Claim settlement record can be assessed through a percent number (Claim Settlement Ratio) released by IRDAI (Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority India) every year.

How much life cover do I need?
The life cover you need depends on your current annual income. We recommend that a life cover equivalent to 10-15 times your annual income is sufficient to provide for a safe future for your family.
If budget is a problem, you could go for monthly premium payment option over a yearly commitment. However, it is important to have a sufficient life cover so that your family’s financial security is not compromised.
What is Critical illness benefit ?
If you are ever diagnosed with a critical illness, it can affect you physically, emotionally and financially. The optional benefit of covering 34 Critical Illnesses such as cancer, heart attack and kidney failure for a maximum of 30 years without any change in premium. But here’s the best part – It gives full claim payout on the first diagnosis of any of the covered 34 Critical Illnesses. No Hospital Bills required. This amount can also safeguard your family against the loss of income arising out of the illness.
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